If you browse through CBD products, you might encounter the terms full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD, and CBD isolate. These terms can be pretty intimidating to a beginner: what do they mean? And what kind of CBD should you opt for?
Not all CBD is the same. It varies in terms of form (for example, oils, tinctures, pre-rolls, capsules, topicals, and more), strength, and added ingredients. In addition to this, CBD can affect your body differently depending on whether it’s full-spectrum CBD or broad-spectrum CBD.
Here’s a quick guide to what these terms mean.
Cannabis and hemp plants are filled with natural chemicals called cannabinoids. One of the most well-known cannabinoids is CBD, short for cannabidiol.
There are many other cannabinoids. In fact, scientists estimate that there are well over 100 cannabinoids, each with their own properties, although most haven’t been thoroughly studied yet.
Some of the other well-known cannabinoids include:
While CBN, CBG, and CBC haven’t been studied as thoroughly as THC or CBD, the available scientific studies suggest that they might have numerous health benefits. Future research will hopefully reveal whether these cannabinoids can be used to treat certain ailments.
Cannabis and hemp plants don’t only contain cannabinoids. They also contain terpenes, which gives the cannabis or hemp flower its unique fragrance. Different strains of hemp and cannabis contain different terpenes, which is why many strains have their own distinctive aroma (such as pine, spice, or citrus). These terpenes are said to have different health benefits in themselves, according to a review published in the European Journal of Medical Chemistry.
The combination of terpenes and cannabinoids in each strain is unique, which is why different strains affect people differently.
Full-spectrum CBD uses the full spectrum of cannabinoids found in the hemp plant, as well as the terpenes that are found in the flower. In other words, all of the cannabinoids you’ll find in the hemp flower will also be found in the CBD product; no cannabinoids or terpenes are removed.
It’s worth noting that full-spectrum CBD also contains a small amount of THC. Again, THC is the chemical that can make you feel intoxicated (or “high”) when you use cannabis. With that said, full-spectrum CBD should not get you high because it contains very little THC.
Broad-spectrum CBD is much like full-spectrum CBD, except some of the cannabinoids and/or terpenes are removed. Usually, broad-spectrum CBD doesn’t contain any THC—it has specifically been removed from the CBD product.
People often opt for THC-free broad-spectrum CBD because THC can show up in blood tests. Although you’d probably have to ingest a lot of full-spectrum CBD for this to happen, it’s best to err on the side of caution.
Some people also find that THC, even in small doses, makes them feel sleepy or unfocused. In this case, they might prefer using THC-free broad-spectrum CBD instead of full-spectrum CBD.
CBD isolate is pure CBD. There are no other cannabinoids or terpenes; they are removed so that only CBD is present.
CBD isolate is pure CBD. There are no other cannabinoids or terpenes; they are removed so that only CBD is present. Many believe that the isolate compound does not provide the user with full benefits of whole plant medicine. That said, CBD isolate is often used for pets and children, as few other cannabinoids have been tested on these populations. Some people on chronic medicines use CDB isolate as advised by their doctors.
It depends on your body and circumstances.
Many experts believe that full-spectrum or broad-spectrum CBD is better than CBD isolate because of something called the “entourage effect.” This is the idea that cannabinoids are more effective when they’re used together, especially when addressing pain and inflammation. In other words, CBD is said to be stronger when small amounts of other cannabinoids are present.
For this reason, we offer broad-spectrum CBD tinctures as well as full-spectrum CBD tinctures. The unique cannabinoid profile of our hemp cultivars means that these tinctures can help address certain health conditions, such as sleeplessness and inflammation. Our tinctures also include organic ginger, which has anti-inflammatory properties.
Many people use CBD tinctures to address numerous issues, including:
Every body is different, so while one person might prefer full-spectrum CBD, the next person might prefer broad-spectrum CBD. Feel free to experiment and try both full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD to see what works for you.
If you’re unsure about which kind of CBD you should use, talk to a CBD-friendly doctor. A doctor should be able to advise you on the best kind of CBD products based on your personal needs. And then try purchasing CBD online from a trusted brand like Eve Farms.
Interested in trying CBD for yourself? We offer both broad-spectrum CBD tinctures and full-spectrum CBD tinctures. We also offer hemp-based CBD pre-rolls, which is hemp flower in smokeable form. Because these CBD pre-rolls include the whole flower, they offer the full spectrum of cannabinoids as well as terpenes.