You’ve probably heard of THC and CBD, the two most prominent cannabinoids in cannabis and hemp. But what you may not know is that there are a ton of other cannabinoids that don't get as much attention. Yet.
We may not know exactly how many there are (some say dozens, others say over 100) but we do know some of the more prominent ones. Their benefits are still somewhat unknown, but from what we know about the entourage effect, they all play a part in CBD achieving its potential.
Chances are that you will be hearing more about additional cannabinoids like CBG, CBN and CBG as more research is done. But until then, we'll have to go on what we know so far. from the limited studies and trials.
Here are five cannabinoids other than THC and CBD you should know about:
Starting off, we should say that besides THC, no other cannabinoids are known to get a user high. And CBG is the same. CBG basically increases the bodies anandamide levels, which help regulate biological functions and help with things like appetite, sleep and memory and has been known to have a blissful effect.
OK, so technically THCV can get a user high like THC. But it acts a little differently. THC gets a person high by binding with the body’s cannabinoid receptors and activating them, causing the “high.”
THCV will bind with those same receptors, but if there’s only a low level of THCV present, it won’t activate them. But if there’s a high level of THCV, it will activate them and produce a high. Because of this, a THCV high will come on quicker but last a shorter amount of time than a traditional THC high. THCV has been shown in some studies to help prevent seizures and can treat PTSD.
CBN is produced when THC is heated or exposed to oxygen. But it will not bind with cannabinoid receptors, so therefore won’t get you high. (Even though our CBD products have less than .3% THC, the CBN will become more activated when you expose a CBD product to the air while using our CBD oils, or consuming our CBD Pre-rolls.
In a recent study by Steep Hill, CBN was shown to be an effective sleep aid. It is also said to be potentially good for fighting inflammation, as well as increasing appetite and preventing seizures.
While CBC won’t bind with the receptors that get you high, it binds with other receptors in the body to produce positive effects. It most prominently binds with receptors associated with pain relief. It’s also known to effectively fight inflammation, and has been said to work well to prevent acne.
When it comes to acne, CBC's anti-inflammatory benefits essentially lower the lipid production in sebaceous glands.
And in a 2013 study on mice, CBD was shown to have a positive impact on brain cell function. (Kind of ironic, given the dated stereotypes around cannabis consumers, huh?)
CBDV is notable for being the cannabinoid most effective at preventing seizures. In fact, when you hear about companies or scientists trying to create medications using CBD to prevent seizures, the scientists are actually using CBDV. While they are similar, CBDV has slight differences that make it more effective.
While there are numerous studies that show that CBDV could be helpful in the treatment of everything from Rett syndrome to Duchenne muscular dystrophy, it also has shown to be a great anti-nausea agent. Early research on rodents has shown that it blocks the bodies ability to feel nausea.
As with most findings in the CBD, hemp and cannabis world, more research using peer-reviewed trials and studies needs to be done. But there is one common theme that we consistently see: there seem to be some benefits (both known and unknown) when it comes to CBD and all cannabinoids. And the more they all work together the more beneficial the results seem to be.